Module 8: Risk Management 06 (Seat Belts)

4 min read

As stated in the Texas Driver Manual: 

All passengers in a passenger vehicle must wear a seatbelt. The law also requires that children under 5 years of age or under 36 inches in height (regardless of age) must be secured in a child safety seat if they occupy a seat in the vehicle that is equipped with a belt. of security.Seat belt means a lap belt and a shoulder strap included as original equipment or added to the vehicle. Seatbelt wearing requirements now include all vans, SUVs, and trucks. Seatbelt wearing requirements now include all vans, SUVs, and trucks. In some states, you may not be required to wear a seat belt if the vehicle was not originally manufactured with a seat belt. Most vehicles made this way have aftermarket kits that must be used to install the seat belt.

Wearing a seat belt is the law, and it can save your life if you are involved in a collision. The seat belt minimizes the impact of the ‘second collision’ or ‘human collision’ in a crash. The first collision is the vehicle with an outside force. The second collision is the occupant with the vehicle. Seat belts keep occupants in the vehicle, preventing them from being ejected, and reduce occupant speed by distributing the force of the collision over more resistant parts of the body, chest and pelvis. The seat belt’s pressure distribution and elasticity allow it to restrain occupants with a very low level of injury. Most seat belt injuries are bruises and friction burns. The risk increases dramatically when you are not wearing a seat belt, the injuries that arise from this are serious and often fatal. To help ensure the proper protection you are getting from the seat belt, check it periodically, while driving or riding in the car, adjust it to fit snugly. When there are sudden movements in the vehicle, the belt locks into place, preventing occupants from being ejected from the vehicle or crashing into the seat or dash in front of them.

There are always two collisions in one collision.

The first collision is between the vehicle and an object outside. This is what most people think of when the subject of a collision appears.

The second collision is the impact of the occupants with the vehicle.

Seat belts and air bags serve to minimize the second collision. According to statistics, many teenagers do not wear seat belts. Vehicle occupants are five times more likely to be killed in a collision when not wearing a seat belt. The law requires that you wear a seat belt. It is important to start this habit early so that you and your occupants are already buckled up before the vehicle starts. Wearing a seat belt means wearing it in the proper way. The belt should be positioned to be worn low and snug across your lap. The shoulder strap should be snug across your chest and should rest on your collarbone without carving your neck.  

Here are some statistics regarding seat belts:

  • • Traffic accidents kill about 50,000 Americans each year, seriously injuring another 3.5 million people.
  • • One in three people will be involved in some way in a traffic collision at some point in their life.
  •   • The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that up to 13,000 lives could have been saved annually by wearing a seat belt.
  • • The chances of dying in an accident are increased 25 times if you are thrown out of the vehicle.
  • • The US Department of Transportation estimates a 50% reduction in the number of deaths and injuries if everyone wears a seatbelt.
  • • Occupants of small cars are twice as likely to wear seat belts compared to occupants of large vehicles.
  • • A particular excuse for not wearing a seatbelt on city streets is the belief that collisions that do not happen on the roads are not so serious. Studies show that about 80% of motor vehicle accidents happen at speeds less than 40 mph. The chances of being killed or injured at low speeds, and when the driver does not wear a seatbelt, are three times higher than for drivers wearing a seatbelt. About 25% of accidents occur within just 25 miles of your home.
  • • One excuse for not wearing a seat belt on the road is that in collisions at 60 mph or higher people usually do not survive, regardless of whether they were wearing a seat belt or not. That argument ignores the fact that, in the seconds before a collision, the driver of a vehicle traveling at 60 mph typically brakes, reducing crash speed substantially and increasing the chances of survival for those wearing the crash. seat belt.
  • • Another excuse for not wearing a seat belt is that the seat belt is not working. This excuse can be caused by a misconception of seat belt mechanics. Seat belts can be locked in an emergency stop, but allow free movement under normal circumstances.
  • • All states have seat belt laws for children.