Module 8: Risk Management 01 (Road Safety Strategies)

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Road safety strategies for all drivers

• Avoid distracted driving.
•Counteract speeding and risky driving.
• Use seat belts.
• Avoid drinking alcohol and driving …
As stated in the Texas Driver Manual, the key to safe driving (and good decision making, in order to avoid potential collisions) are:

Good vision: see with your eyes but observe with your mind
• Obey traffic laws
• Proper Car Care – Don’t Rely on Annual Inspections
• Courtesy: safety comes first over the right of way
• Proper signs: Failure to make the proper signs is dangerous and inconsiderate.
• Physical fitness: let someone else take the wheel if you are not physically or mentally alert.
The worst type of situation is a collision, and the worst type of collision is a head-on collision. If the collision is imminent, try to avoid hitting another vehicle head-on, try to make the collision “near front” to extend the distance of the impact. As long as you can reduce the force of an impact by distributing it widely, the potential for serious injury is reduced compared to a head-on impact. If possible, try to aim for a soft target that may yield more than something solid or another vehicle traveling towards you.

The second worst type of crash, when you are struck on the side by another driver. This is because the side of the car has very little material to use to spread the impact of the collision. If another car is about to hit you from the side, try adjusting your speed to cause the other vehicle to hit you in the front or back of the car rather than in the passenger compartment.

In rear-end collisions the most common injury is neck injury, such as sprain. Make sure your seatbacks are configured appropriately for the vehicle occupants. You can also reduce the risk of collisions from the rear by keeping a larger margin in front. If you do not have to stop quickly, the vehicle behind you will not have to stop quickly either. The chances of being injured in a rollover are much higher if the occupants of the vehicle are not properly restrained with seat belts or child seat belts. If your vehicle loses balance (because a load has moved from side to side), you are more likely to roll over if another vehicle hits you at an angle. To reduce the chance of a rollover, use your steering wheel, brakes, and acceleration in a smooth and controlled manner. Just as making sound decisions and following risk reduction practices helps make driving safer for you and others, making poor decisions and taking risks greatly increases the chance of a collision. Experts no longer refer to crashes as “accidents”, as crashes can be avoided if everyone pays attention and follows risk reduction practices. They are now called “collisions” or “collisions” because this describes what happens regardless of the cause and includes the personal liability of the driver. For example, making poor choices about your lane position and when to pass can potentially lead to a collision with other drivers. When making a lane change, be sure to use your signals, look over your shoulder, and make sure you have a clear path or that there is enough room for you to merge safely into the lane. Always signal when turning, regardless of whether or not you are in a lane just to turn. Choosing to drive when you are fatigued, using electronic devices while driving, or allowing passengers to distract you are more examples of poor decision making that has a high probability of causing a collision.