Module 8: Risk Management 05 The dangers of speed (How fast is very fast?)

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The dangers of speed and driving impact reducing risk

According to the Texas Driver’s Manual, people generally must drive at the same speed as the traffic around them. Drivers must always obey the minimum and maximum speed limits. Drivers should always be aware of the speed at which they are traveling. A good driver does more than just obey speed limits. The faster you drive, the greater the distance you must leave between yourself and the car in front of you. According to the manual, a good rule of thumb is to stay at least two seconds behind the vehicle in front of you. For example: when the vehicle in front of you passes a fixed object and you reach that object, he said in less than two seconds, you are following it very closely. It takes the average person 1 1/2 seconds to think, react, and brake. Because of this it is a good idea to give yourself three or more seconds of distance when following a vehicle unless there is a special situation, such as bad weather; in this case, four or five seconds is a better idea. Good drivers know when to slow down. You should slow down when the road is wet (whether from rain, snow, or sleet). Many drivers find out too late what a little rain can do. The smartest thing to do is to slow down when there is an adverse condition. You must be in control of the situation at all times. When the road is very crowded, you should slow down. You should also do this when you have a limited field of view. You must be able to stop within the distance that you can see to the front of your vehicle. When it’s dark or bad weather, don’t overestimate your range of vision. Good drivers adjust their speed according to their own physical condition and the condition of their vehicle. When you are tired or not feeling well, do not drive. You should never force yourself to drive.
Speed ​​limits are designed to help regulate and provide an orderly flow of traffic under normal driving conditions. When traffic is heavy, there is bad weather, poor visibility, or other poor driving conditions, you should adjust your speed to avoid accidents. Cities and counties have the authority to change speed limits at any time.

The main reason people speed is because they are late when going somewhere. When drivers are late for work or another appointment, they will often risk more driving than they would in other conditions. People will also speed when they are emotionally upset. To eliminate unnecessary risks, relax and always leave early. You should never feel rushed or in a rush when behind the wheel. The risk arising as a result of speeding can be significantly reduced, if not eliminated, simply by driving at the prevailing speed limit. Collisions tend to happen when the flow of traffic is interrupted. Vehicles that are traveling in the same direction at the same speed will not normally collide. Collisions come into play because there are vehicles that reduce their speed, others that increase it and others that change lanes. If you drive excessively fast or slow compared to other traffic, you put yourself at unnecessary risk along with your passengers and other drivers.

In recent years, many new sports cars and sedans have been introduced to the market. There are more such vehicles on the road today than at any other time in history. Consider what would happen if you take a curb too fast and another vehicle pulls out of an intersection while you are speeding down the road. Drivers need to understand that speeding reduces their options. Always be extremely careful when driving on or on ice, snow, frost, wet surfaces (especially just at the beginning of the storm), puddles, mud, wet leaves, sand, gravel, uneven surfaces, or curves. In order to reduce the risk and potential of injury (to you, your passengers and construction workers), it is very important to reduce your speed to posted speed limits in construction zones, as well as to obey signs and workers on the construction site. building. Most states double the fines if you are caught speeding in a work zone.

How fast is very fast?

Depends on the conditions. Remember that speed limits are set based on ideal road conditions. Bad weather changes road conditions, making it necessary for you to alter your driving pattern. So it is truly possible to drive below the speed limit and still be driving too fast. The most important thing to remember when driving in bad weather is to REDUCE YOUR SPEED. Many people travel at their normal speed, and they do not realize (or think they are invincible) that rain and snow can double or triple the stopping distance of the vehicle. In inclement weather, a distance of more than three seconds is needed between vehicles. This is often not recognized until it is too late. Never rush when driving. Slowing down not only reduces risk, it also helps minimize the chances of having to make a turn or stop suddenly. Think of everything as if you had to do it gradually when driving on snow or ice. Drivers should slow down, look ahead, and maintain an appropriate and safe distance.

In places where it does not snow frequently, new snow will typically cause an increase in the number of accidents. Usually several cars will rear-end each other. Many vehicles end up in ditches; others typically collide with each other at intersections. These drivers will typically blame the weather or road conditions, but it is actually driver error that causes the problems. Most drivers see themselves as drivers with good driving skills, and many are unaware that they make mistakes (the same mistakes they make every time they drive).

Blind curves and hills can hide things that can mean the difference between life and death for a driver. Drivers must mentally prepare for the unknown on hills and behind curves by anticipating potential problems and slowing down. Successfully navigating curves requires slowing down at the beginning of the turn and accelerating out of it. If you enter a curve with too much speed, there is a greater risk because this limits your control over the vehicle. Entering a curve too fast also creates a condition called ‘understeer’, in which your vehicle maintains a straight route rather than following the curve.When you go uphill, the vehicle needs more energy to maintain the same speed. How you adjust your speed will differ depending on your vehicle. With automatic vehicles, increase acceleration to gain speed. With manual vehicles, lower to a lower gear in order to increase the pulling power of your engine. When driving downhill, your vehicle will pick up speed. In order to reduce the risk, you need to release the accelerator. With automated vehicles, when you are traveling down a steep hill, simply take your foot off the gas and let your vehicle travel on momentum. If your speed increases too much, you can brake gently to reduce the speed of your vehicle. In manual vehicles the best solution is to shift to a lower gear before starting down the hill. You will have more control over your speed because your engine helps you maintain speed.  

When it is foggy, it is wise to slow down. It is alarming how many vehicles still continue to pass at high speeds during foggy conditions. In order to reduce risk in foggy conditions, drivers must slow down, thus eliminating the risk of hitting something they didn’t see in time to stop. They should also increase their distance from other vehicles and use their headlights or fog lights. Do not use the high beam headlights in fog, as they will produce a glow in the fog that will significantly obstruct your vision.

The biggest factor in avoiding a collision is the speed of the vehicle. Speeding limits your options.The reason for speed zones in certain areas is safety. Drivers often think that posted speeds are too low, but there are many other factors that come into play when it comes to setting the speed limit. Some of these factors are: how well you can see traffic coming into an intersection to oncoming traffic, whether there are hills or curves, or the number of cars interacting at a given intersection. Another factor is the possibility of wild animals crossing the road. Drivers who feel that speed limits are too low are typically drivers who exceed the speed limit and are caught exceeding the speed limit. Aggressive drivers rarely buy time and distance to make wear and tear on their vehicles worth it, or the risk they create for other drivers. Speeding also increases risk by limiting the number of things drivers can focus on at a particular time. It is important to remember that drivers who are in the habit of looking far enough ahead are more likely to drive at a speed consistent with the conditions. Good drivers also reduce risk by being prepared, and don’t wait for the vehicle ahead to brake hard before increasing the distance and slowing down. Good drivers look a long way down the road, to be aware of conditions that require traffic to slow down or stop. Road construction, stopped vehicles, trucks unloading, etc., are examples of things that will cause traffic to slow down or stop quickly. Speeding not only kills people, it also hurts your gas mileage.